Wednesday, November 30, 2011

The Hebrew Name John

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The name John is actually the Greek rendition of the Hebrew name Yochanan (Johanan - a name that today many would assume is German). While the common name John gets its popularity from John the Baptist, Yochanan was actually a common name in early Jewish history. The name translates to “God is gracious.”

There are two different Yochanans mentioned in the biblical canon. The first is Yochanan ben Karea, who tried to warn Gedaliah, the Babylonian-appointed governor of Judah, that he was going to be assassinated, After the assassination occurred and Babylonian troops appeared to express the emperors ire, Yochanan ben Korea helped lead the remaining inhabitants of Judea to safety in Egypt (Jeremiah 43:8-22).

The second appearance of this name is in the Book of Nechemia. Yochanan ben Yayada is listed as one of the priests who returned from Babylon with Zerubabbel.

There are, however, several important post-biblical Yochanans. While everyone remembers Judah Macabee, who led the rebellion, his oldest brother was the less well-known Yochanan Gaddi (note the Greek second name). His death at the hands of the sons of Jambri from Medeba (in Moab, now Jordan) is recorded in the first Book of Maccabees.

Within the same family, but several generations later, the name Yochanan reappears. Yochanan Girhan assumed the Hasmonean kingship in 134 B.C.E., and was known as John Hyrcanus I. By the time his descendant, John Hyrcanus II, became High Priest in 76 B.C.E., the Hebrew Yochanan appears to have fully transformed to the Greek John.

When Jewish life moved into the age of written oral tradition, Yochanan remained a popular name. Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakkai was the Jewish leader who lived through the destruction of the Temple. He remained loyal and devoted to the Jewish people, and when the Emperor Vespasian offered him three wishes, one of them was that Vespasian give the Jews the city of Yavneh, which was to become the new home of the Sanhedrin, and spare the sages from destruction.

Finally, in our list of famous Yochanans, was the fascinating, and incredibly handsome, Rabbi Yochanan ben Naf'cha, was a well-known student of Rabbi Judah the Prince (Yehuda Hanasi) Rabbi Judah the Prince (Yehuda Hanasi), the redactor of the Mishna. Among other things, Rabbi Yochanan ben Naf'cha is credited with editing the Jerusalem Talmud.

Copyright © 2011 National Jewish Outreach Program. All rights reserved.

2 comments:

  1. Tuesday, August 19, 2014 Av 5774

Thank you for this Information :) 

    As a Beliver in Yeshua ... I found it interesting you included "John the Baptist"? 

    As you may know ...
    the Judean-Christian believes this "PERSON" to be: 
    "Elijah the prophet" of Malachi Chapter 3

    Hebrew:
     מַלְאָכִי
    כא  וְעַסּוֹתֶם רְשָׁעִים--כִּי-יִהְיוּ אֵפֶר, תַּחַת כַּפּוֹת רַגְלֵיכֶם:  בַּיּוֹם אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי עֹשֶׂה, אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת.  {פ} 21  {P}
    כב  זִכְרוּ, תּוֹרַת מֹשֶׁה עַבְדִּי, אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי אוֹתוֹ בְחֹרֵב עַל-כָּל-יִשְׂרָאֵל, חֻקִּים וּמִשְׁפָּטִים. 22 
    כג  הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי שֹׁלֵחַ לָכֶם, אֵת אֵלִיָּה הַנָּבִיא--לִפְנֵי, בּוֹא יוֹם יְהוָה, הַגָּדוֹל, וְהַנּוֹרָא. 23 
    כד  וְהֵשִׁיב לֵב-אָבוֹת עַל-בָּנִים, וְלֵב בָּנִים עַל-אֲבוֹתָם--פֶּן-אָבוֹא, וְהִכֵּיתִי אֶת-הָאָרֶץ חֵרֶם.  {ש} 24 

    English:
    5 Behold, I (Hashem) will send you ... "Elijah, The Prophet" before ... "The coming of the Great & Dreadful "DAY" ... of: "The LORD!" 

    And ... He shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, 
    and 
    The heart of the children to their fathers, LEST ... I come (RETURN) 
    and Smite the Earth with a curse! 

    Rabbi's & Teachers are to Shepherd: "The People."

    BUT ... Listen to what "G-D" say's :.(
    Jeremiah 2
    http://www.mechon-mamre.org/mp3/t1123.mp3
    (If you don't understand Yiddish or Hebrew ...
    Read:
    http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt1123.htm)  

    Now ... it doesn't matter HOW "TRUTH" is delivered. (Does it?)
    Just the same ... LIE or Deception? 
    Truth IS TRUTH
    AND 
    a Lie ... is a LIE!

    King David wrote (SUNG!!!) 
    Hebrew:
     תְּהִלִּים (Chapter 118:8-12)
    ח  טוֹב, לַחֲסוֹת בַּיהוָה--    מִבְּטֹחַ, בָּאָדָם. 8 
    ט  טוֹב, לַחֲסוֹת בַּיהוָה--    מִבְּטֹחַ, בִּנְדִיבִים. 9 
    י  כָּל-גּוֹיִם סְבָבוּנִי;    בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה, כִּי אֲמִילַם. 10 
    יא  סַבּוּנִי גַם-סְבָבוּנִי;    בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה, כִּי אֲמִילַם. 11 
    יב  סַבּוּנִי כִדְבוֹרִים--    דֹּעֲכוּ, כְּאֵשׁ קוֹצִים;
    בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה,    כִּי אֲמִילַם. 12 

    English:
    Psalms Chapter 118:8-12 
    It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man. (Humans)
    It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in princes. (Political Leaders)
    EVERY nation compass (Surrounds) me; 
    TRUELY, in the Name of the LORD I (David) will cut them (Kill them) off. 
    They compass me about, YES! ... They compass me about; 
    verily, in the Name of the LORD ... I will KILL them off.
    They compass me about like bees! 
    They are quenched as the fire of thorns; 
    TRUELY! ... In the NAME of the LORD ... 
    I WILL KILL THEM OFF! 

    Bummer though ... King David is ... dead? 

    So what was he singing? Was he Drunk? (I don't thing so) 

    So WHAT was he saying? 

    If i can go BACK to, Jeremiah Chapter 23 יִרְמְיָהוּ

    Hebrew:
    יִרְמְיָהוּ
     ה  הִנֵּה יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם-יְהוָה, וַהֲקִמֹתִי לְדָוִד צֶמַח צַדִּיק; וּמָלַךְ מֶלֶךְ וְהִשְׂכִּיל, וְעָשָׂה מִשְׁפָּט וּצְדָקָה בָּאָרֶץ. 5 
    ו  בְּיָמָיו תִּוָּשַׁע יְהוּדָה, וְיִשְׂרָאֵל יִשְׁכֹּן לָבֶטַח; וְזֶה-שְּׁמוֹ אֲשֶׁר-יִקְרְאוֹ, יְהוָה צִדְקֵנוּ.  {פ} 6    

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  2. Part 2

    English:
    Jeremiah Chapter 23
    5 Behold, the days come (or are COMING), say's: "The LORD", that ... "I (G-d) will raise (up) for "DAVID" ... A Righteous shoot (or Branch: as in the "Tree of Life"), 
    and 
    He will  ... Reign as "KING" & prosper, 
    and 
    will Execute Justice & Righteousness (or Judgement) in the LAND! (or Earth!)
    6 In his DAYS (or Future "TIME") ... Judah will be "SAVED"  (or Delivered!), 
    and 
    Israel (the People ... Not so much "the STATE) ... will dwell Safely! 
    THIS IS HIS NAME ... "Whereby He WIL be Called: 
    The "LORD" is our Righteousness.

    Now ... if your SMH ... (Scratching your head) Pleale let G-D'S Word finish :)

    Governor, President & Prophet Daniel in Chapter 9 of his book said: "I was reading Jeremiah the Prophet and discovered ... G-D desolations of Jerusalem would be Seventy Years."

    History Facts: 

    Siege of Jerusalem (587 BCE)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_(587_BC)
    &
    Nebuchadnezzar II 
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebuchadnezzar_II

    Now ... Governor, President & Prophet Daniel in Chapter 9 of his book also predicted ... Messiah would COME before the Destruction of Herod's Temple or
    Second Temple 
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Temple

    Maybe you may not have been "SHOWN" this Torah Prophecy?

    Daniel Chapter 9 דָּנִיֵּאל
    Hebrew:
    כו  וְאַחֲרֵי הַשָּׁבֻעִים שִׁשִּׁים וּשְׁנַיִם, יִכָּרֵת מָשִׁיחַ וְאֵין לוֹ; וְהָעִיר וְהַקֹּדֶשׁ יַשְׁחִית עַם נָגִיד הַבָּא, וְקִצּוֹ בַשֶּׁטֶף, וְעַד קֵץ מִלְחָמָה, נֶחֱרֶצֶת שֹׁמֵמוֹת. 26 

    English: 
    Daniel 9:26
    And after the threescore and two weeks (434 years) the Anointed one will be: "Cut off" (Killed, Slaughtered), 
    and be ... "no more."
     and The people of: "A prince" who will come (Denoting "Future") will "DESTROY"... "The City and "The Sanctuary."
    NOTE: "The Prophets History in  Ezra / Nehemiah! This is WHEN the Second Temple was BUILT! (Daniel HAD PASSED)

    So ... If G-d's is to BE TRUSTED above Humans ... The Messiah HAD to Come & Go ... before the Year 70 in secular estimates?

    But ... Traditional Rabbinic sources state that the Second Temple stood for 420 years and based on the 2nd-century work Seder Olam Rabbah, placed construction in 350 BCE (3408 AM), 166 years LATER than secular estimates, and destruction in 70 CE (3829 AM).[4] 

    Still thinking about Jeremiah 23 ... (& History) Let ALL MEN Be LIARS & G-D Be JUST & TRUE ... 
    Shalom 

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    https://www.facebook.com/anthonycarfanyo 

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